英語寫作常用 - 轉折(承)語


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轉折詞

 

在撰寫文章時要根據上下句之間的邏輯關係,找出最恰當的轉折詞。轉折詞的如一潤滑劑般,其目的在於告知下一句的性質與立場。一般而言,轉折詞分為以下數類,分述如下。

 

項目

常考轉折詞

1.還有類(表繼續)

and, also, in addition, second, again, moreover,

furthermore, first

2.然而類(改變語氣)

but, however, nevertheless, yet, still, notwithstanding,

on the other hand 

3.例如類(舉例)

for example, for instance, in other words,

in particular

4.類似類(與後面類同)

in a like manner, likewise, in the same way,

in a similar case, similarly

5.肯定類(語氣肯定)

indeed, in fact, as a matter of fact, truly,

I repeat, certainly, admittedly, no doubt

6.總結類(作結論)

to sum up, in conclusion, in short, finally,

in summary, in sum, to make a long story short

7.讓步類(雖然)

Though, although, it may be true that,

even though, granted that

8.因此類(表結果)

therefore, consequently, hence, then, thus,

as a consequence

source:

http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/charles-77/article?mid=2404

 

進階版
 

    讓英文滑溜的小秘訣 – 轉折(承)語

使用轉承詞以及片語讓文章產生連貫性而更為流暢。
 流暢的文章幫助讀者在第一時間內抓到文章重點。
 轉承詞更可以連接出句子和段落間的起承轉合。

 1. 當然 certainly/surely/of course

 2. 尤其是 above all/in particular

 3. 的確 to be sure/indeed

 4. 實際上 in fact/in truth/in effect/in reality

 5. …等等 and so on/and so forth

 6. 此外;而且 also/besides/furthermore/moreover/
 in addition/ again

 7. 同樣地 in the similar way/likewise/similarly

 8. 因此;所以(因果關係) therefore/because of /in consequence (結果)/ as a result (結果)/ consequently/ hence (因此)/ otherwise/ thus (因此)
 because, so …(不可同時存在)
 though, but (不可同時存在)
 因為…,(所以)…
 Because+S+V+. . , S+V+ … . < 語氣最強>
 Because of+N/V-ing, S+V+--.
 Since+S+V+ … , S+V+ … .
 S+V+. . , for+S+V+. . . 1
 S+V+. . , so+S+V+. . .
 S+V+--, but+S+V+--. < 常用於口語上>

 9. 最重要的是 most important of all/above all

 10. 也就是說;換句話說 in other words

 11. 舉例;例如 for instance, e. g. , such as, like,
 for example 例如 for instance 例如

 12. 一方面 on the one hand

 13. 另一方面 on the other hand

 14. 據我所知 as far as I know

 15. 簡言之 in brief, to be brief, in other words, namely, that is, that is to say, in short, in brief 。

 16. 總而言之 in conclusion/on the whole/in a word/in sum

 17. 依我之見 in my opinion/in my view

 18. 大致說來;一般而言 in general/generally speaking

 19. 就我而言 as far as I am concerned
 so far as I am concerned

 20. 坦白說 frankly speaking/honestly speaking/
 to be frank/to be honest

 21. 至於我 as to me/as for me 2

 22. 無可否認 there is no doubt that …

 23. 從…的觀點而言 in terms of + N.

 24. 根據;依照 according to

 25. 嚴格來說 strictly speaking

 26. 理論上來說 in theory/theoretically speaking

 27. 說實在地 to tell (you) the truth

 28. …是被視為所當然的 it is taken for granted that

 29. 我認為… I think … /I believe … /I am of the opinion that …

 30. 總結、做結論
 after all, briefly, in any case, in brief, in conclusion,
 on the whole, in short, in summary, in the long run to sum up, finally, in a word

 31. 綜合說明、整體而言
 as a rule, as usual, for the most part, generally, generally speaking, ordinarily, usually

 32. 對比及比較
 contrast, instead, likewise, on the other hand,
 on the contrary, rather, similarly, yet, but, however,
 still, nevertheless, in contrast 3

 33. 表順序
 at first, first of all, to begin with, in the first place,
 at the same time, for the time being, in time, in turn,
 later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime,
 later, while, earlier, simultaneously, in conclusion, afterwards, to begin with

 34. 轉折 by the way, incidentally, however, nevertheless, although, though

 35. 示範 for example, for instance, for one thing

 36. 相似 likewise, similar, moreover

 37. 位置 here, there, over there, beyond, nearly, opposite, under, above, to the left, to the right, in the distance

 38. 然而 however, nevertheless, nonetheless,
 even so (儘管是), yet, still

 39. 換言之 in other words, that is, that is to say,
 namely (亦即)

 40. 不但...而且... not only … . but also,
 (而且) besides, and, as well as, moreover

 41. 強調 certainly 確實地 indeed 確實地 surely 確實地 4
 above all 尤其;最重要者
 most important ( of all ) 最重要的是

 42. 增加或附屬 in addition 而且;此外
 furthermore 而且;更有甚者 also 也;而且
 moreover 而且;更有甚者 again 而且
 and 而且 besides 而且 in addition to 除….之外
 what's more 而且

 43. 比較 ( to compare ) 尤其是相同性質的比較
 like 像 likewise 同樣地 in the same way 同樣地
 similarly 同樣地 too 也 equally important 同樣重要地

 44. 對比關係或相反的意思 unlike 不像 in contrast 相反地
 on the other hand 另一方面 for another thing 另一方面
 on the contrary 相反地 instead 代替;更換;反而
 but 然而;但是 instead of 代替;不...而
 nevertheless 然而 however 然而 still 然而 yet 然而
 after all 畢竟 in spite of 雖然 despite 雖然

 45. 順序、列舉或思想的延續 first 首先
 in this manner ( in this way ) 就這樣 5
 first of all 首先 in the same way 同樣地
 second 其次 third 第三 in the first place 首先
 then 然後 next 下一個 again 再次 finally 最後;終於
 eventually 終於 by the way 順便一提

 46. 方向 below 在…下面 next to 在…的旁邊
 beyond 超越;越過 on the ( my, your ) right 在..右邊
 further 更遠處 on the left 在左邊 here 這裡
 nearby 在附近 opposite to 在…對面

 47. 讓步 although 雖然 nevertheless 然而 of course 當然
 clearly 確實地 naturally 自然地 perhaps 或許

 48. 結果 therefore consequently as a result thus

 accordingly hence so 所以;因此

source:

http://crazy.molerat.net/cmsb/teacher/vin/reading.php?filename=98111213434.dov

推薦閱讀:

英文翻譯研討:中進英的翻譯程序

http://english.ecominfozone.net/archives/1378 

enjoy

 

本篇訊息引用自<英語大師部落格>

http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/masterenglish-englishmaster/article?mid=10158&prev=10414&next=9212&l=f&fid=8

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